Essay is a type of creative task; a genre of (philosophical, literary-critical, historical-biographical and journalistic) prose.
A writing is a type of creative task, written independent work of students; statement of own thoughts, experiences, judgments, intentions. Essays differ in genre or mode of expression of thoughts:
A writing or essay is a type of exercise that completes the preparation for self-expression of thoughts and ideas. The writing of an essay or essay is preceded by: a plan, outline, summary of the text read, statement of content, abstract, abstract of a series of texts.
The main signs of the essay are a specific topic (problem, question) and the expression of individual impressions, thoughts of the author on the topic (problem, question) with an emphasis on the personality of the author (his feelings, worldview), an unforced narration (colloquial speech), attention to details.
The purpose of the essay is the development of independent creative thinking and the ability to express own thoughts. A qualitative essay should consist of an introduction, where the problem is posed, theses (the author’s ideas on the topic), and each thesis must be supported by evidence supporting the author’s point of view, and a conclusion – once again fixing the problem and summarizing the essay.
How to write a good essay is a question that I will try to answer in about 2 minutes. There will be something else related to this question, an explanation of how to use citation correctly.
An essay is a representation not only of your ideas, but also of ideas that are necessary for proof, for understanding the question. When we think about an essay, we recall those small essays of three paragraphs that were written in exams in one hour. The principle, of essay, is the same, but you need to increase the volume of these paragraphs.
So, an essay consists of several parts, say, of 5. We write them down – 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. And we have to name these parts.
The first part will be the introduction. The fifth is a conclusion.
Parts 2 and 3, paragraphs 2 and 3 are those parts where you have to demonstrate to the reader that you understand what you are talking about. Here you need to show that everything is balanced.
For example, in the essay-proof (arguing essay) in the second part there will be reasons for that in part 4, and in the third part – the reasons against the following further statement. This is only a conditional division. In the second part you can have the most important, strong reasons for the pros and cons, and in the third part there are additional reasons.
The main way to write a good essay is to write according to plan. But the plan should not be too detailed – I saw plans where everything was written “from and to”, but the essays were not the best.
A plan is your understanding of what you do not say (and should not say) at the very beginning.
The plan is the ability to leave your main, central idea for the outcome – for the 4th part!
The end is what you state, state very clearly, something from part 2 or 3. Add some information on your own, information that is important for your essay, for your statement. Information to help you get a great mark at the end.
Point 4 is a denouement. This should be your biggest paragraph. The part in which you again list the facts supported by good quotations is understandable (simple), logical (by developing ideas) and in order (only that is relevant to the question).
In short: paragraphs 1 and 5 should be small. The first is enough to indicate how you are going to solve the problem. Paragraph 5 is logically derived from paragraph 4. What specifically said above is a conclusion from all of the above.
If in part 5 you start a new discussion, a new idea appears, then you need to write a new essay. This is a loss of your time. Do not add anything new to paragraph 5. This is the part that follows from everything that has already been written before it.
Paragraph 4 is proof. This is what you were waiting for. It’s like a street situation you and your friends got into. There is no point in trying to mumble something, childishly or funny.
It is necessary to listen carefully to what they are trying to say to you, yes, I understood, and then state my arguments. Convince how accurately you all understand how wise your position. And this is the 4th paragraph. The first, second, third – are the reasons that the opponent is wrong. And “bang” is your argument. He struck him down, he destroyed him. You assert your own point of view. Very clearly, very simply, recognizing that there are other points of view, but they are erroneous.
Something to add to this story. We have 5 paragraphs – an essay system. But we also need to decide how to defend ourselves, how to build an argument. And we do it with quotes. That in the past was not quite correctly used. Today it is often said that plagiarism cannot be used. It would be absurd for the ancient Greeks or Romans.
After all, they constantly took other people’s thoughts in order to add impressiveness to their texts. This is not something that should not be done, on the contrary. You just need to indicate where you got it from. This is normal. It is legal. You need to use quotes correctly. Imagine that you have 6 great quotes. And there are 35-45 minutes to write an essay. Perhaps you do not have enough time to use all these 6 quotes, so you need to choose very carefully.
Because a quotation always requires three sentences: first, a statement, then a quotation, and further, its explanation.
Quote as a gem in a ring, you look at the ring and say: “Oh, my God! What a wonderful ring, how bright, how bright it is.” Then you take a jewel from a ring if you are a jeweler, and look at it, turn it, look at its facets. And in your essay is the same – you are only interested in a few facets, not everything in general. You must apply a quote, insert the gem back into the correct setting.
If the quote is used correctly, you will benefit from it. You cannot use every quote that you have in your head. You can use not only quotes, you can make references to different events, characters, it is not necessary to quote something. This is also useful. But the quotation requires these three points – the statement, the quotation itself and the explanation.
It makes no sense to quote longer than your own text. I have seen works where there are twice as many citations as all that the student himself wrote. This is absurd. The quotation should be brief and add weight to what you said.
If you do everything as I said, then you will have a great essay. Required.